), although it might just be the last appearance of Latin. Comoros "Transylvania", Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2008. Russia The plateau is almost entirely surrounded by the Eastern, Southern and Romanian Western branches of the Carpathian Mountains. Northern Cyprus During that time, the ethnic composition of Transylvania was estimated in Antun Vrani's work,[note 1] but according to how the original text was translated by Romanian or Hungarian scholars, there are two different variants of interpretations. Since the Protestant Reformation, different Christian denominations have been coexisting in this religious melting pot, including Romanian Orthodox, other Eastern Orthodox, Latin Catholic and Romanian Greek Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, and Unitarian branches. Tonga Armenia All structured data from the file namespace is available under the. Nepal Mozambique In 1596 Levinus Hulsius created a coat of arms for the imperial province of Transylvania, consisting of a shield party per fess, with a rising eagle in the upper field and seven hills with towers on top in the lower field. Serbia Northern Mariana Islands Myanmar [54], In the last quarter of the 19th century, the Hungarian population of Transylvania increased from 24.9% in 1869 to 31.6%, as indicated in the 1910 Hungarian census (the majority of the Jewish population reported Hungarian as their primary language, so they were also counted as ethnically Hungarian in the 1910 census). Crimea People Syria He published it in his work "Chronologia", issued in Nuremberg the same year. Somalia Hong Kong [16][17] There is an ongoing scholarly debate over the ethnicity of Transylvania's population before the Hungarian conquest (see Origin of the Romanians). Sweden [25] Place names derived from the Hungarian tribes evidence that major Hungarian groups settled in Transylvania from the 950s. balkans [15] It is a subject of dispute whether elements of the mixed DacoRoman population survived in Transylvania through the post-classical era (becoming the ancestors of modern Romanians) or the first Vlachs/Romanians appeared in the area in the 13th century after a northward migration from the Balkan Peninsula. In August 1940, by the Second Vienna Award, with the arbitration of Germany and Italy, Hungary gained Northern Transylvania (including parts of Criana and Maramure) totaling over 40% of the territory lost in 1920. Vanuatu Galicia Turks and Caicos Islands Szkely Land Mari El Guadeloupe Christmas Island Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Nowadays, due to the several administrative reorganisations, the territory covers 16 counties (Romanian: jude), with an area of 100,290km2 (38,722sqmi), in central and northwest Romania. Germany Albania Turkey

Grenada Kingman Reef Eritrea In 1687, the rulers of Transylvania recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I, and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire. French Guiana Azerbaijan Tch Jarvis Island Runion Haiti Nunatsiavut Asturias Finally, the joint army of Russian and Austrian forces defeated the Hungarian forces. Early Modern Age The region was the site of an important battle during World War I, which caused the replacement of the German Chief of Staff, temporarily ceased German offensives on all the other fronts and created a unified Central Powers command under the German Kaiser. Between 1541 and 1690 it was the capital of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the latter Principality of Transylvania. French Polynesia Inner Mongolia Navarre Scotland Frankish Empire Howland Island Kurdistan (Syrian) Czechoslovakia Aruba Libya

It also contains the nation's fourth-largest city, Cluj-Napoca, as well as other cities and towns such as Braov, Sibiu, Trgu Mure, Alba Iulia and Sighioara. 1-39. p. Sndor Szilgyi: Erdly s az szakkeleti hbor. Honduras Levelek s okiratok Bp. Historical names of Transylvania are: In Romanian, the region is known as Ardeal (pronounced[ardeal]) or Transilvania [transilvani.a]; in Hungarian as Erdly [rdej]; in German as Siebenbrgen [zibmb] (listen); but historically as Erdel or Erdelistan; see also other denominations. Jamaica Basque Country Religions, Historical eras After the Ausgleich of 1867, the Principality of Transylvania was once again abolished. So Tom and Prncipe Catalonia Mayotte Following the publication of Emily Gerard's The Land Beyond the Forest (1888), Bram Stoker wrote his gothic horror novel Dracula in 1897, using Transylvania as a setting. This page was last edited on 3 March 2021, at 22:26. Australia Guangxi Saint-Pierre and Miquelon Easter Island [28] Nevertheless, Romanians constitued an important part of Transylvania's population even on the eve of the Mongol Invasions.[29][30]. Liechtenstein In common reference, the Western border of Transylvania has come to be identified with the present Romanian-Hungarian border, settled in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon, though geographically the two are not identical. The National Assembly in Alba Iulia (December 1, 1918), declaring the Union of Transylvania with Romania. Galpagos Islands

Bougainville Wallonia Since 1998, Romania has been divided into eight development regions, acting as divisions that coordinate and implement socio-economic development at regional level. Argentina The data was published in 1787, and this census showed only the overall population (1,440,986 inhabitants). Cayman Islands This has been ensured by its religious pluralism. Transylvania is also the home of some of Romania's UNESCO World Heritage Sites such as the Villages with fortified churches, the Historic Centre of Sighioara, the Dacian Fortresses of the Ortie Mountains and the Roia Montan Mining Cultural Landscape. Grey historical regions of Wallachia, Moldavia and Dobruja, The area of the historical Voivodeship is 55,146km2 (21,292sqmi).[49][50]. Transnistria Israel Sudan The red dividing band was originally not part of the coat of arms. Seychelles Braov is an important tourist destination, being the largest city in a mountain resorts area, and a central location, suitable for exploring Romania, with the distances to several tourist destinations (including the Black Sea resorts, the monasteries in northern Moldavia, and the wooden churches of Maramure) being similar. British Virgin Islands

Czar Nicholas, I answered, and sent 200,000 men strong army with 80,000 auxiliary forces. Spratly Islands, Subnational autonomous entities Spain Projections of the globe East-Hungarian kingdom & Principality of Transylvania in the XII century. The status of various entities is disputed. Julius Jacob von Haynau, the leader of the Austrian army was appointed plenipotentiary to restore order in Hungary after the conflict. Gabon There is also an American animated movie franchise called Hotel Transylvania. Kazakhstan Hungarian historians claim that the Medieval Latin form Ultrasylvania, later Transylvania, was a direct translation from the Hungarian form Erd-elve. Transylvania is rich in mineral resources, notably lignite, iron, lead, manganese, gold, copper, natural gas, salt, and sulfur. Republic of Texas Six counties (Alba, Braov, Covasna, Harghita, Mure and Sibiu) form the Centru development region, other six counties (Bihor, Bistria-Nsud, Cluj, Maramure, Satu Mare, Slaj) form the Nord-Vest development region, while four (Arad, Cara-Severin, Hunedoara, Timi) form the Vest development region. Quick reference Coral Sea Islands The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Atheists, agnostics and unaffiliated account for 0.27% of Transylvania's population. South Ossetia Curaao Extremadura The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. Alba Iulia also has historical importance because at the end of World War I, representatives of the Romanian population of Transylvania gathered in Alba Iulia on 1 December 1918 to proclaim the union of Transylvania with the Kingdom of Romania. Srpska International organizations Palmyra Atoll Costa Rica Congo (Democratic Republic) Paraguay Bouvet Island Stielers Handatlas 1891 [47] The expropriation of the estates of Magyar magnates, the distribution of the lands to the Romanian peasants, and the policy of cultural Romanianization that followed the Treaty of Trianon were major causes of friction between Hungary and Romania. People who arrived in Transylvania included those that did not conform to the Catholic Church and were sent here forcibly, as well as many religious refugees. Hungary Poland Brussels Ghana Timber is another valuable resource. Nakhichevan Ecuador Canary Islands The Diet of 1659 codified the representation of the privileged nations in Transylvania's coat of arms. Philippines

Gagauzia Georgia French Southern and Antarctic Lands One of the predominant early symbols of Transylvania was the coat of arms of Sibiu city. K. Horedt, Contribuii la istoria Transilvaniei n secolele IV-XIII, Editura Academiei RSR, 1958 p. 113. Adjara Kroly Ks was one of the most important writers supporting the movement of Transylvanianism. 12. Italy [18][19][20][21] Some historians assert Transylvania was settled by Hungarians in several stages between the 10th and 13th centuries,[22][23] while others claim that it was already settled,[24] since the earliest Hungarian artifacts found in the region are dated to the first half of the 10th century. Barbados The first record of Vlach-Romanian settlements of Transylvania in the Byzantine age can be found in the writings of Procopius, in the 5th century: the forts named Skeptekasas (Seven Houses), Burgulatu (Broad City), Lupofantana po (Wolf's Well) and Gemellomountes s (Twin mountains). The proportion of Hungarians in Transylvania was in steep decline as more of the region's inhabitants moved into urban areas, where the pressure to assimilate and Romanianize was greater. Belize Ethiopia Names in native languages, The world and its continents and oceans Slovenia Republic of West Florida American Samoa Burundi Rwanda Chile Languages After a series of serious Austrian defeats in 1849, the empire came close to the brink of collapse. Saint Lucia Mexico The Grand Principality of Transylvania was reintroduced 54 years later in 1765. Prehistory Botswana

Cook Islands The Proclamation of Union of Alba Iulia was adopted by the Deputies of the Romanians from Transylvania and supported one month later by the vote of the Deputies of the Saxons from Transylvania. Iran Yugoslavia, Former dependencies and overseas territories Agriculture is widespread in the Transylvanian Plateau, including growing cereals, vegetables, viticulture and breeding cattle, sheep, swine, and poultry. During the Middle Ages, Transylvania became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. Africa Manchuria There are large iron and steel, chemical, and textile industries. Tristan da Cunha

Soviet Union Artsakh Senegal Pitcairn Islands Gambia Historical maps of the world [1][2] In 1690, the Habsburg monarchy gained possession of Transylvania through the Hungarian crown. Catalan Countries Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries. [3][4][5] After 1711[6] Habsburg control of Transylvania was consolidated, and Transylvanian princes were replaced with Habsburg imperial governors. Kurdistan (Iraqi) ), Dacian Fortresses of the Ortie Mountains, History of Transylvania Historical population, http://www.recensamantromania.ro/rezultate-2, "Southeastern Europe Under Ottoman Rule, 13541804", " In 1711, after the Peace Treaty of Szatmar, Austrian control was firmly established over all of Hungary and Erdely, and the princes of Transylvania were replaced by Austrian governors. " Greece [36] For most of this period, Transylvania, maintaining its internal autonomy, was under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire. From 1790 to 1848 and from 1861 to 1867, it was the official capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania. Transylvania contains both largely urban counties, such as Braov and Hunedoara counties, as well as largely rural ones, such as Bistria-Nsud and Slaj counties.[51]. United Arab Emirates Kalmykia Kurdistan Indonesia Tatarstan Tibet If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. Basque Autonomous Community Dagestan

To the east and south its natural border is the Carpathian Mountains, and to the west the Apuseni Mountains. Tunisia Western Sahara, Dependencies and other overseas territories Jan Mayen [34] In 1574, Pierre Lescalopier asserted that most of the inhabitants of Transylvania were Romanians. Czech Republic South America Vietnam Other areas to the west and north are widely considered part of Transylvania. Peru East-Hungarian kingdom & Principality of Transylvania in the XV - XVII centuries. Inca Empire Korea (Democratic Peoples Republic) Lithuania Chuvashia [citation needed] The so-called Transylvanian trilogy of historical novels by Mikls Bnffy, The Writing on the Wall, is an extended treatment of the 19th- and early 20th-century social and political history of the country. Cuba Bolivia Azores Transylvania, with an alternative Latin prepositional prefix, means "on the other side of the woods". The Principality of Transylvania is also a playable nation in Europa Universalis IV. Transylvania, Former sovereign nations Time and time zones 7-55. p., Erdlyi Mzeum. [53] Fnyes Elek, a 19th-century Hungarian statistician, estimated in 1842 that in the population of Transylvania for the years 18301840 the majority were 62.3% Romanians and 23.3% Hungarians. Palestine Antarctica Transylvanian factories built until 1945 over 1,000 warplanes and over 1,000 artillery pieces of all types, among others. East Timor Zambia Egypt Muslim Mindanao Saint Helena Cameroon Cambodia LIX, 1997. Sri Lanka Venezuela Malawi Blachernae, the suburb of Constantinople was named after a "Scythian" Duke Blachernos, whose name is believed to be linked with the name of "Blachs" (Vlachs). After the restoration of Habsburg power, Hungary was placed under martial law. Ireland Vermont Republic Magyarization policies greatly contributed to this shift. Fiji Even though before 1948, the population of Transylvania split between Eastern Orthodox, Greek Catholic other forms of Christianity, during the Communist Period the Orthodox Church was much more favored by the state which has led to Eastern Orthodoxy being the religion of the majority of Transylvanians. Light yellow historical region of Transylvania Nicaragua Bulgaria Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995. Baker Island Bajo Nuevo Bank Sicily