Because it is very closely related to this months plant, it was suggested that C. nootkatensis should be re-named Xanthocyparis nootkatensis. Phenology: Bloom Period: From April in the southern end of its range to June in the north. Blight can be a problem in young nursery plants as well as old landscape plants. : 822596, Data Development History and Data Quality, Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010), Go 2000. It has low food value for birds and small mammals. cones at seed release, arrows point to protruding tips, Patrick Breen, 2020: baaa062. The 24 year-old Callitropsis nootkatensis in the pictures is from seed from the Vancouver Botanic Garden, British Columbia, Canada. (D. Don) D.P.
Found in Vietnam, the new species was given the name Xanthocyparis vietnamensis. Other uses for Nootka Cypress include saunas, and battery containers due to its resistance to acids. Distribution: Occurring in the Cascades and Olympic Mountains of Washington; Alaska to northern California. To conserve Xanthocyparis Farjon & Hiep against Callitropsis Oerst. We have only the North American species in our collection. 1990. This species will also regenerate in its natural habitat by layering. Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative It is moderately drought tolerant. Often used as cover for birds and small mammals. Alaska Cedar is a very popular landscape tree. It is interesting to see that Prof. rsteds old idea of placing of this plant in a new genus will become generally accepted. Trer og Buske. The hybrid has since arisen by open pollination on several separate occasions. In recent years it was most often placed in the genus Chamaecyparis and given the name Chamaecyparis nootkatensis. But when asked about owls, the women were indeed afraid of owls. Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA. Nootka Cypress is native to the west coast of North America, from the Kenai Peninsula in Alaska, south to the Klamath Mountains in northernmost California. Det Danske Haveselskab Publisher, 674 pp. Denmark's first quantum information science programme to open soon, Wagner or Adele? Cones globose (round or spherical shape), 1 cm across, ripen in the second year, 4-6 scales, each with a hook-like, protruding, erect tip. It will grow in USDA plant hardiness zones 5-9, but can be difficult to grow. Conifer (but not a true cedar), evergreen tree, 60-90 ft (18-27 m) tall, slender conical, with drooping branches and flattened sprays. While Western Red Cedar was preferred for larger projects (houses, canoes), Nootka Cypress, was used for smaller carvings such as vessels and utensils. Diversification and biogeography of Juniperus (Cupressaceae): variable diversification rates and multiple intercontinental dispersals. The scale-like leaves are prickly when stroked backwards. C. nootkatensis is a conical, evergreen, tree with scale-like leaves and often with striking foliage, hanging like curtains from the main branches. Duplicates counted once; synonyms included. C. nootkatensis may be the longest living tree in Northwest North America and perhaps the oldest in Canada.
It can be fastened with glues, screws, and nails. 2009. It sometimes takes a long time, but in science, correct ideas eventually prevail. Distribution of Alaska Cedar from Silvics of North America. This species will also regenerate in its natural habitat by layering. In Northern British Columbia & Alaska it descends more often to sea level and is often associated with wet boggy forests. Hardy to USDA Zone 4Native range is along the coast of Alaska and British Columbia, then in the Cascades of Washington and Oregon, just reaching northern California. relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Male flowers yellow and at the ends of branclets. There are, however, over 200 cultivars of this species. It was perhaps first grown in Denmark in Krenkerup Garden in 1866 and in the Forest Botanic Garden in Charlottenlund as least as early as 1890. Another similar species, Port Orford Cedar, (also known as Lawson Cypress), Chamaecyparis lawsoniana has a limited distribution in its native southwest Oregon. This name you will still find on our plant tags while we wait for a general consensus within the botanical community. This species goes by many common names including Nootka Cypress, Yellow Cypress, and Alaska Cypress. Laubenfel's (2009) revision. First described in the genus Cupressus as Cupressus nootkatensis in 1824, it was transferred to Chamaecyparis in 1841 on the basis of its foliage being in flattened sprays, as in other Chamaecyparis, but unlike most (though not all) other Cupressus species. Olsen, O. et al. For a comparison of the four native "cedars" see, "Although acceptance of the revised classification of this tree is widespread among botanists, inertia in the horticultural and forestry industries (both typically very slow to adopt the results of botanical research), mean the name, Variegata-white to creamy-white variegation. The wood is highly prized by the Japanese for use in temples because of its similarity to their sacred Hinoki False Cypress, Chamaecyparis obtusa. This is a strikingly beautiful tree with a dramatic architecture. Little DP, Schwarzbach AE, Adams RP and Hsieh C-F. 2004. Genetic evidence, published by Gadek et al. Votes: 14-4 (recommended), Nomenclatural Actions for the New World Cypresses (Cupressaceae), Evolution and circumscription of the true cypresses (Cupressaceae: Cupressus), Current ITIS nomenclature for these genera follows Little's (2006) taxonomic revision, rather than de D.J. The foliage is in flat sprays, with dark green, 35mm long scale-leaves. Relationships and nomenclatural status of the Nootka Cypress (Callitropsis nootkatensis, Cupressaceae). Mao KS, Hao G, Liu JQ, Adams RP and Milne RI. Found in Vietnam, the new species was given the name, Because it is very closely related to this months plant, it was suggested that, . A ruling is anticipated at the 2011 International Code of Botanical Nomenclature meeting. It will form hybrids with at least 3 species of Cupressus but not with any Chamaecyparis species.
Growth in its native habitat is often extremely slow and rather small trees can be 300 to 1000 years old. The wild form is an attractive, pyramidal shaped tree to over 100 feet (33m) tall, with lacy, fern-like foliage.
PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Callitropsis nootkatensis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database. The Leyland Cypress, Hesperotropsis leylandii (Cupressocyparis x leylandii), is a hybrid between Alaska Cedar and The Monterey Cypress, Hesperocyparis (Cupressus) macrocarpa. More photos of Callitropsis nootkatensis in CalPhotos. The Caren Range on the west coast of British Columbia is home to the oldest Nootka Cypress specimens in the world, with one specimen found to be 1,834 years old (Gymnosperm Database).
1997 Havens Planteleksikon.
. Because of its narrow form and slow growth it can be grown successfully near commercial buildings. The circumscription and phylogenetic relationships of Callitropsis and the newly described genus Xanthocyparis (Cupressaceae). .
Alaska-cedar is of minor importance towildlife as browse except whendensities of deer are high. Propagation: Seed germination rates tend to be low, but a germination rate of about 12% may be obtained with a warm stratification for 30 days followed by a cold stratification for 30 days at 40F (4C).
Alaska Yellow Cedar The Cypress FamilyCupressaceae, Callitropsis nootkatensis (D. Don) Oerst.
2010. The female cones are 1.2 cm in diameter when nearly mature, they are round, green changing to purple in colour, and have a small spike on each scale. Little, D. P., Schwarzbach, A. E., Adams, R. P. & Hsieh, Chang-Fu. Photographers retain of all photos. There are 15 to 20 named cultivars. The cultivated variety, Pendula, has a very distinct narrow, weeping form. This last proposal was largely forgotten until the exciting discovery in 2002 of a new species to science, which brought the naming problem to the forefront. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants, Click here for a table of distinguishing characteristics. Novon 22(1): 8-15. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3417/2010056. It is a needled evergreen tree in the cypress family native to the Pacific coast from Alaska to northern California.
They typically have only 4 scales per cone, unlike species of Chamaecyparis. Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=82092, accessed on July 21, 2022. Its most popular use is as a fast growing screen when many are plantedin a row. Use by Wildlife: Alaska Cedars are used for cover by birds, small mammals and larger browsers such as deer. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to
Currently the largest known yellow cedar is located on a sidehill near Sayward BC on 'A' Branch logging Rd (BC Ministry of Forests). Interestingly one of the nine in Charlottenlund is a self-sown specimen, indicating that it is well enough adapted to the Danish climate to be able to reproduce itself. Habitat: Moist areas, generally from middle to high elevations in the mountains. Wetland designation: FACU+, Facultative upland; it usually occurs in non-wetland but only sometimes is found in wetlands.
Farjon, A., Hiep, N. T., Harder, D. K., Loc, P. K., & Averyanov, L. 2002. The fragrant, clear wood of Port Orford Cedar is strong, lightweight and easily worked. Bears can strip the bark off the tree in the springtime in order to feed on the sweet sap. Relationships: There has been some controversy about its correct relationship and naming. Mill & A. Farjon in Taxon 55: 229-231. The Alaskan brown bearmay strip the barkof the tree in the spring to feed on the sweet sap. Although acceptance of the revised classification of this tree is widespread among botanists, inertia in the horticultural and forestry industries (both typically very slow to adopt the results of botanical research), mean the name Chamaecyparis nootkatensis is likely to continue being listed in many situations. Useas a specimen tree or along pond and stream edges in the mountainous areas of NC.
Nootka Cypress (Callitropsis nootkatensis (D. Spach)), formerly Cupressus nootkatensis, Xanthocyparis nootkatensis or Chamaecyparis nootkatensis, is a cypress (Cupressaceae) with a chequered taxonomic and nomenclatural history. There are two Japanese species, one species from the eastern United States and one in the west. to Advanced Search and Report, Callitropsis nootkatensis(D. Don) D.P. But, because of its softness, it was often preferred over Western Red Cedar bark for weaving blankets, robes, and capes. N.C. This name you will still find on our plant tags while we wait for a general consensus within the botanical community.
They have an unpleasant smell when bruised or crushed. 2004.
Database (Oxford). As in the genus Cupressus they take two years to mature.
& Honkala, B.H. Callitropsis nootkatensis is an evergreen tree to 40 m tall, commonly with pendulous branches. Some trees may have flattened branches that droop or weep more than others.
USDA Agriculture Handbook 654. Like the Monterey Cypress, it is resistant to sea winds. Callitropsis nootkatensis Falso ciprs de Nootka Wikipedia Espaol, Callitropsis Taxobox name = Callitropsis image width = 270px image caption = Callitropsis nootkatensis regnum = Plantae divisio = Pinophyta classis = Pinopsida ordo = Pinales familia = Cupressaceae genus = Callitropsis genus authority = Oerst. Nevertheless, the name Callitropsis nootkatensis was proposed in 1865 by the Danish botanist Anders S. rsted, because this species had features with differed significantly for either of the other genera. Cones usually mature the following year, both first and second year cones may occur on the same branch. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. The cones begin as round, bumpy, whitish-green berries.
He asks the women if they are afraid of being alone, if they are afraid of bears, wolves, and other animals. Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) New Phytologist 188(1): 254-272. Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera). Gads Forlag, Copenhagen, pp. Male cones are 3 mm long with yellow stamens. Relationships within Cupressaceae sensu lato: a combined morphological and molecular approach. de Laubenfels DJ, Husby CE and Griffith MP.. 2012. Interestingly one of the nine in Charlottenlund is a self-sown specimen, indicating that it is well enough adapted to the Danish climate to be able to reproduce itself. ex D.P. We have 16 specimens in the Arboretum in Hrsholm and 9 in our satellite garden, the Forest Botanic Garden in Charlottenlund. However a name was already proposed for a third genus, namely Callitropsis. The wood is a bright yellow. C. nootkatensis, was discovered in 1793 and introduction into Europe about 1850. Due to its slow growth it is hard and, like other cypress woods it is durable; it therefore offers good dimensional stability, and is resistant to weather, insects, and contact with soil. The foliage occurs as pendulous sprays which hang down on both sides of the main branches. However, here I use the name: This species was originally thought to belong to the genus, , however, most accepted it as a species of, was proposed in 1865 by the Danish botanist Anders S. rsted, because this species had features with differed significantly for either of the other genera. Distribution:Alaska Cedar is found along the coast from southeast Alaska through British Columbia. It resists splintering and wears smoothly over time. Cyprs de Nootka Wikipdia en Franais, Cypres de Nootka Cyprs de Nootka Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nootka Wikipdia en Franais, Cyprs De Nootka Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nootka Wikipdia en Franais, Cyprs d'Alaska Cyprs de Nootka Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nootka Wikipdia en Franais, Cyprs de nootka Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nootka Wikipdia en Franais, indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast, Pinetum.org: C. nootkatensis - Photo of cones. This wood burns very hot and lasts a long time as embers. However, some propose that it should be placed in another genus, Xanthocyparis, (meaning Yellow cypress) along with a newly discovered Vietnamese Golden Cypress. & Brewster, N.P. Harper Collins Publisher. This tree should not be planted in moist soils due to the root pathogen, Phytophtora laterilis. Monterey Cypress sculpted by Ocean winds along the California Coast. Det Danske Haveselskab Publisher, 674 pp. A new genus and species in the Cupressaceae (Coniferales) from northern Vietnam, Xanthocyparis vietnamensis. Nootka Cypress was introduced to the nursery trade by A. van Leeuwen Nursery, The Netherlands in the early 1880s. This last proposal was largely forgotten until the exciting discovery in 2002 of a new species to science, which brought the naming problem to the forefront.
Diameter at base: 12 feet. Trees.
The new species from Vietnam would probably be impossible to grow outdoors in the Danish climate. Best growth is in light or heavy soil, preferably well drained, and in climates with cool summers. Little Alaska cedar, Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010), Report of the Nomenclature Committee for vascular plants: 59. (Danish Plant Encyclopaedia, Trees & Bushes). (2000), strongly supported its return to Cupressus and exclusion from Chamaecyparis. Timber Press Publisher. Inconspicuous separate male and female flowers on the tree. References:Burns, R.M. Specimens with documented ages of over 1800 years have been reported and the probable age of some trees with hollow trunks is over 2000 years. It has for good reasons been called the Afghan hound tree. Habitat: Alaska Cedargrowsinwet to moist sites, from the coastal rainforests to rocky ridgetops near the timberline in the mountains. Leaves tightly appressed, dark bluish or grayish green, in 4 rows of similar size (3-6 mm long) (in alternating opposite pairs), an unpleasant, mildewy odor when bruised. When you expose the yellowish, inner bark, it smells like raw potatoes. They ripen to brown, woody cones with 4 to 6 mushroom-shaped scales with a point in the top center of each scale. Rushforth, K. 1999. American Journal of Botany 91(11): 1872-1881. It was heavily logged for a hundred years; the very few old-growth trees still being cut fetch premium prices. The preparation of the Alaska Cedar bark was more time-consuming because it had to be soaked and boiled to remove the pitch. campus: northside of LaSells Stewart Center.
Scale-like leaves in flat fans in 4 rows of alternating opposite pairs. Which genus this species should be put into has been debated for some time. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Callitropsis nootkatensis
Nootka Cypress can also be used in bonsai. (Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence). In Tlingit culture the story of Natsilane describes how a Nootka Cypress was used to carve the world's first Killer Whale. Monoecious trees 20-40 m. tall, with narrow crowns and drooping leaders, the branches tending to droop. It makes an attractive specimen tree in parks and open spaces. Hearing this, the trickster raven hid in the forests, and made the calls of an owl. The drooping branchlets give the tree a graceful weeping appearance. More recently, Farjon et al. Most horticultural professionals know this species as Chamaecyparis nootkatensis. If you stroke the branchlets the wrong way, they are very prickly. Typical uses include exterior siding, shingles, decking, exposed beams, glue-laminated beams, paneling, cabinetry, and millwork. Citation for this treatment: Jim A. Bartel 2012, Callitropsis nootkatensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) The tree is almost disease free. This plant can be found to south of the large grass plain adjacent to Spejder s in the area called Frihedslyst: square 2202, position 2534. Vol II.
& dum S. 1983.
(2006). We have 16 specimens in the Arboretum in Hrsholm and 9 in our satellite garden, the Forest Botanic Garden in Charlottenlund. Seed can be stored dry for 3-5 years. (Cupressaceae). Debreczy Z, Musial K, Price RA and Racz I. In historic preservation it can be used as a substitute for Thuja plicata (Western Red Cedar) and Taxodium distichum (Baldcypress), due to current difficulties in obtaining quality timber of those species due to environmental concern and past over-exploitation, although this applies equally to Nootka Cypress. This habit is better developed on the upper part of the tree. It has been sold commercially in North America since 1907. Taxonomic Serial No. 413pp. 675 pp. Mill, R. R. and Farjon, A. We have only the North American species in our collection. WA Flora Checklist: Callitropsis nootkatensis checklist entry.
The grayish-brown, shaggy bark can be peeled off in long, vertical strips. However a name was already proposed for a third genus, namely, will probably have to give way to the original. This species was originally thought to belong to the genus Cupressus, however, most accepted it as a species of Chamaecyparis based on the foliage. A legend amongst the Nootka peoples of the Hesquiaht First Nation tells of the origins of the Nootka Cypress. 1, Conifers. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Links: WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. It was later named Sir Daniel Samson by a timber cruiser who came in to measure it. USDA Plants: Callitropsis nootkatensis information. However, here I use the name: Callitropsis nootkatensis. (2004), while confirming the above relationship with further evidence, pointed out that an earlier nomenclatural combination in the genus Callitropsis existed, as Callitropsis nootkatensis (D.Don) Oerst., published in 1864 but overlooked or ignored by other subsequent authors. Bark thin, grayish-brown, cinnamon-brown inside, tending to come off in long, narrow strips; wood sulfur-yellow in color. Rocky Mountain Juniper, Juniperus scopulorum, Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. A dead tree can last up to 100 years for firewood. The commonest cultivar Pendula has very strongly hanging foliage. E-Flora BC: Callitropsis nootkatensis atlas page. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Growth: These graceful, relatively slow growing trees may be the oldest living trees in the northwest. The name Xanthocyparis has now been proposed for conservation, but until that is decided on at the 2011 International Botanical Congress, it is correctly classified in Callitropsis. The genus Callitropsis contains 2 species; 1 from northwest North America and 1 newly discovered species from Vietnam.