Truman, a respected U.S. senator from Missouri who was admired by the public at large, was nominated to take Wallaces place. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Dewey entered the campaign so overconfident that he refused to confront Truman on the issues. Franklin D. Roosevelt decided to run for an unprecedented third term as president. Truman's wife and daughter also traveled on some of the campaign stops, and would put in an appearance with the President on the back of the train. On April 12, 1945, just 82 days into his fourth term, Roosevelt died. Well before the election, President Truman's General Counsel, Clark Clifford, prepared a 43-page memorandum on the strategy Truman and the Democratic Party should pursue in 1948, assuming the Republican nominee would be Thomas Dewey. .widget-row.value-only { } Accessibility Statement. Deregulation Crowds gathered in front of the White House to see and greet the Truman family upon their arrival in Washington, D.C. President Truman and the Truman family rode from Union Station to the White House in a motorcade with Vice President-Elect Alben Barkley. border:1px solid #FFB81F; Ken Rudin, a former editor at NPR and the Hotline, writes the "Political Graffiti" column for The Hill, a Capitol Hill weekly. They hung a sign on the outside of their building, welcoming Truman home and offering to "eat crow" to atone for their incorrect prediction. "Indiana Magazine of History, "Offers surveys of two areas that are often omitted from the story of 1948an excellent section on the role of Americans for Democratic Action (ADA) and their abandonment of Henry Wallace for his procommunist leanings, and a strong piece on the attempt to euchre Dwight D. Eisenhower into running for president some four years before he planned on doing so. [6]Following are pages with information on Truman's State of the Union addresses. The Democratic National Convention convened in Philadelphia, July 1214, 1948. Truman was succeeded by Dwight D. "McCormick (SC) Messenger, "Should replace previously published popular works dealing with the 1948 election. display: inline-block; } } Our editors will review what youve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At the Democratic National Convention, Truman attacked the Republicans, promising to call Congress back into session to pass legislation to curb inflation, build housing, and ensure civil rights - all planks of both the Republican and Democratic Party platforms. USA.gov, The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Truman and his advisers successfully read those changes: their strategy focused on building a coalition of organized labor, African Americans in large northern cities, and traditional liberals--and ignoring protests from the conservative South. Article II of the Constitution (FindLaw Internet Legal Resources) White House 2000 (washingtonpost.com), Got a question? > History An excellent study. A. Gallup By Ken Rudin In March 1952, Truman announced he would not seek re-election. if(document.getElementsByClassName("reference").length==0) if(document.getElementById('Footnotes')!==null) document.getElementById('Footnotes').parentNode.style.display = 'none'; Ballotpedia features 361,451 encyclopedic articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers, and researchers. The delegates nominated South Carolina Gov. UKnowledge When it became clear that President Truman won, they woke him up and drove him back to the Muehlebach Hotel, election headquarters in Kansas City. .top_disclaimer { The Fair Deal was a 21-point program that included universal health care, expanded Social Security, and expanded equal rights for citizens under the law. They thought that people's votes would not change before the election.

Within a few days of the conventions end, a group of Southerners met in Birmingham, Ala., and formed the States Rights Party, popularly labeled the Dixiecrats. (Gallup had won a dramatic bet by correctly predicting the outcome of the 1936 election.)

} "Library Journal, "Donaldson takes a fresh look not only at how Truman took the 1948 race but at what Dewey did (or didn't do) that made him lose the election. Please, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), Deferred Action for Parents of U.S. Citizens and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA), North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=Harry_S._Truman&oldid=8727315, 1917: Enlisted in the army to serve during World War I, 1944: Successful vice presidential running mate for, April 12, 1945: Sworn in as president of the United States, August 6-9, 1945: Atomic bombs dropped in Japan. margin: auto; https://uknowledge.uky.edu/upk_political_history/7, Non-UKY University Press users, please click the blue download button to access from a UPK consortium network, Home | They also tried to persuade Supreme Court Associate Justice William O. Douglas to run, but he also declined. [1], Truman was a member of the Democratic Party. The public's approval declined further in 1951 after Truman fired General Douglas MacArthur, who disagreed with Truman's handling of the conflict. After a quick return to Washington, Truman hit the campaign trail again, stopping at the National Plowing Match in Dexter, Iowa to talk to farmers.

float:right; .widget-row.Republican { The Republicans adopted a platform that called for the ending of segregation in the military, an equal rights amendment for women to the U.S. Constitution, support for the recognition of Israel (which had declared independence earlier in the year), abolition of the poll tax, and strong enforcement of anticommunist regulations. As for Scalia, a story in National Review made a case for his candidacy last year. Corrections? Sign on the Washington Post Building (1948-11-05) by Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum at the National Archives and Records AdministrationU.S. 

Truman married Elizabeth "Bess" Wallace in 1919. President Harry S. Truman and Herb Plambeck at the National Plowing Match (1948-09-18) by Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum at the National Archives and Records AdministrationU.S. Many of these liberals supported the candidacy of Henry A. Wallace, who ran as the Progressive Party candidate for president. A couple of times during the night, his Secret Servicemen woke him up to let him know more of the returns. Ask Ken Rudin: junkie@washingtonpost.com. Executive Order 8802 With President Harry Truman's prospects for a victory in 1948 close to zero, many Democrats made a serious effort to draft Douglas for the presidency. It was a relatively tranquil affair, particularly in comparison with what would take place in Philadelphia the next month at the Democratic convention. width: 57%; pier connected russian names polls voters election local tube comparison cock related galleries These included attacking the Republican-controlled Congress and strongly identifying as a liberal. "Kirkus Reviews, "Here in painstaking, exhaustive detail are the election's competing strategies, ideological party divisions, shifting political alliances and clash of issues. In February, at the Jefferson-Jackson day dinner in Washington, D.C., which many Southerners boycotted because of his civil rights program, he declared, I will tell you who is going to be the next president of the United States. The wave of strikes that hit many key industries in 1945 led to. Donaldson argues that Dewey did nearly as much to lose the election as Truman did to win it. President Harry S. Truman and Members of His Cabinet (1948-07-27) by Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum at the National Archives and Records AdministrationU.S. Button from Harry S. Truman's 1948 U.S. presidential campaign. margin-bottom: 0; font-weight: bold;

Those candidates included: Edward Teichert, Arla Albaugh, Gerald Smith, and Henry Romer.[5]. In 1949, he announced the Fair Deal program during his State of the Union address, which built on Roosevelt's New Deal plan. According to Figure 8.1, when did the largest growth in the federal workforce occur? After graduating high school, Truman worked at times as a timekeeper, a clerk, and a bookkeeper before becoming a farmer and joining the National Guard in 1905. > 7.

} The problem is where the candidates reside at the time of the election. . He was not about to leave a lifetime position to join what seemed to be a losing ticket. float: right; Since most of the votes shifted to Truman, he won the election. The scientific pollsters, including George Gallup, all predicted that Dewey would beat Truman. On April 12, 1945, President Roosevelt died from a stoke and Truman was sworn in as president.[1][3]. (Truman would issue Executive Order 9981 desegregating the military on July 26.) Named to the Court in 1939 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Douglas was also on FDR's short list for vice president in 1944 and was a longtime favorite of many liberals. "Goldilocks" Economy The convention was marked by intense conflict, particularly over civil rights. Updates? This page was current at the end of the official's last term in office covered by Ballotpedia. Truman died of natural causes on December 26, 1972, at the age of 88. cohen shill meet harry ohio office church hospital elementary memorial service park catholic pittsburgh tax christian 1986 business The Republicans, certain of a mandate from the public after the midterm elections of 1946, prepared to disassemble the New Deal. Reference: Also See: font-size: .9em; Yet they suffered from even more severe internal division than the Democrats. Still, Truman was confident in his position. These groups may be seeking military aid, economic aid, or favorable trade agreements. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. He used this as fuel to campaign against the "do-nothing" 80th Congress. By the 1948 Democratic convention, Truman was convinced Douglas should be his running mate, but Douglas refused. font-weight: bold; . But in 1948 there were two strong independent candidates whose support eroded away in the last week. "Publishers Weekly, "An engaging narrative, which also provides a framework for making claims about the changing nature of liberalism in the postwar years. In between his longer speeches off the train, Truman frequently stopped in small towns along the train route to give short speeches. Stock Market Crash .widget-row.Independent, .widget-row.Nonpartisan, .widget-row.Constitution { The Mississippi delegation, along with more than a dozen members of the Alabama contingent, left in protest. When the Democrats approved the inclusion of a civil rights plank in the party platform, many Southern Democrats walked out of the convention. }, Harry S. Truman (b. on May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri) was the 33rd President of the United States. He did not attend college. Every year in office, the president of the United States addresses Congress on the present state of affairs as well as the administration's goals for the coming year. Although this decision originally had public support, Truman faced criticism for the war. background-color: green; As a former farmer, Truman told them to remember the struggles they went through during the last Republican administration. "Lexington Herald-Leader, "Significantly, the author shows how the well-known split from the Democratic party of segregationalist Dixiecrats and Communist sympathizers actually contributed to Truman's victory by dislodging extremists, thereby boosting his mainstream appeal. Following the start of the Korean War in June 1950, Truman committed U.S. troops to South Korea in an attempt to contain the spread of communism. . The Republican National Convention met in Philadelphia, June 2125, 1948. } National Archives. padding-left: 10px; } Kansas City: Smoke Rings and the Finer Things, From murals to the Monarchs, and from bebop to burnt ends, Celebrate the history of the United States presidency and discover defining After the war, Truman established what is known as the Truman Doctrine, meant to help contain the Soviet Union's influence, and the Marshall Plan, which was enacted to aid Europe to rebuild following the damages of war. G. Gallup But Warren refused to leave the court. But politics in the postwar years were changing dramatically. Great Depression display: inline-block; It was the first election after Roosevelt's death and the last before the advent of television. The Supreme Court ruled that in 2005 that when a company seeks to encourage and facilitate the illegal sharing of copyrighted works, that company may be held liable for copyright infringements by users of its products or services. . color: black; background-color: white; Supporters of Thomas E. Dewey at the 1948 Republican National Convention. Harry S. Truman defeated Republican Thomas E. Dewey. Strips away the mystique surrounding the 1948 campaign and compels the reader to think seriously about the critical issues at stake and about Harry Trumans role in defining the postwar political order. .widget-row.Green { width: 100%; Truman would always introduce his wife Bess as "The Boss," and his daughter Margaret as "The Boss's Boss." .widget-value { Political History. 1948 } Still, Truman was nominated on the first ballot, beating Richard B. Russell, a U.S. senator from Georgia, who received the overwhelming backing of the Southern delegates who remained in the hall.

Truman woke up at his usual early hour, went for a walk, then walked down the street from his home to his polling place. padding-left: 10px; On October 13, as the Presidential train traveled through Minnesota, Truman asked his aide, George Elsey, to take down some numbers. font-weight: bold; My Account | background-color: red; } background-color: #003388; Truman stopped in San Antonio and met with Congressman and Senatorial candidate (and future President) Lyndon B. Johnson. By stopping their polling too soon, the pollsters missed this shift away from the third party candidates back to the major parties. color: white; As the crowds grew larger and encouraged President Truman to "Give 'em hell," Truman responded enthusiastically. 1948 presidential election. Other candidates that appeared on the ballot received less than 0.1% of the vote.

width: 150px; It encompassed Truman's rousing Give 'em Hell Harry" speeches and intriguing behind-the-scenes political maneuvering. .widget-row.Libertarian { margin-bottom:0px; Moore, Book NOT separate the armed forces into different departments. 7. Growth of Cities The next day, Truman headed back to Washington on the train. President Truman decided not to run for reelection in, The overall impact of the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 was that it, Truman's Executive Order 9981 affected the military by, The GI Bill of Rights guaranteed every veteran, The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 restricted the rights of, Prior to the 1948 presidential campaign, Truman won back the support of labor unions by. font-weight: bold; color: white; Truman's vice president was Alben Barkley.[2]. "Housewives for Truman" in New York (1948-09) by Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum at the National Archives and Records AdministrationU.S.

[1], Below is an abbreviated outline of Truman's professional and political career:[1][3]. . The roots of the 1948 election date to 1940, when Pres. Civil Rights Act (See the July 16 column.) Supreme Court Quiz (wahsingtonpost.com). FAQ | font-size: .9em; At around 4 in the afternoon, during the shift change of Secret Service agents, he slipped out the back door of the kitchen and into the middle of the backseat of the car with two Secret Service agents on either side and another driving. Chicago World's Fair But he wanted to remain on the Court. National Archives, 1948 Whistlestop Campaign, September-October 1948. which agencies influence how much money is in the economy, who has money, who has credit, and what incentives for saving and spending exist? But nobody thinks he would even consider leaving for a presidential run, and conservatives would not look favorably on him creating an opening that would give President Clinton an opportunity to make a third court appointment. color: white; "Journal of American History, "Donaldson provides persuasive analyses of postwar politics, the tactics of contending political parties that marked the breakup of the old FDR New Deal coalition after WWII. During his presidency, the United Nations was created, the Cold War began, and the United States entered the Korean War. "South Carolina Historical Magazine, "Gives a clear account of the election. "Donaldson focuses on why Truman won rather than on how Dewey lost . "Southern Historian, "Harry S. Truman's victory in 1948 remains one of the great events in American political history. 1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272. Later that night, on November 3, Truman spoke on the steps of the Courthouse in Independence. display: inline-block; width: 250px; The 1948 presidential campaign was a watershed event in the history of American politics. Truman still counted on winning. During September and October, President Truman criss-crossed the country by rail, traveling over 22,000 miles, delivering speeches in towns all along the rail routes. He served from 1945 to 1953 and died on December 26, 1972, at the age of 88. The Melting Pot But Article II says that presidential electors cannot vote for candidates from the same state as themselves. background-color: grey; What had gone wrong? Truman calculated, in terms of Electoral College votes, how many the Democrats (White), Republicans (Black), and "Dixiecrats" (Red) would get. clear: both; "South Dakota Review, "Comprehensive in its examination of major U.S. postwar political developments. National Archives. Election Parade in Independence, Missouri (1948-11-02) by Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum at the National Archives and Records AdministrationU.S. Other candidates that appeared on the ballot received less than 0.1% of the vote. An excellent history of a remarkable event in a tumultuous time in America. } Eisenhower. He was challenged unsuccessfully by his vice president, John Nance Garner, and eventually chose as his running mate Henry A. Wallace, Roosevelts secretary of agriculture. In 1922, he was elected as a Jackson County judge and served one term before being defeated in his bid for re-election. .widget-row.value-only.white { Voices | Interactivity | Teacher's Newspapers were so sure the pollsters were right that they printed the headline, "Dewey Beats Truman." "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too" were elected that year, but Harrison died a month after his inauguration. The letter S was chosen to represent his maternal grandfather, Solomon Young, and his paternal grandfather Anderson Shipp Truman.[1]. Eisenhower sounded out Warren as a possible vice president in 1956, when there was speculation that the president would dump Nixon from the ticket. Returning to Missouri after the war, he became active in the Democratic Party and briefly co-owned a haberdashery. After voting, Truman returned to his home. Though a stronger civil rights plank was rejected, the Democratic platform did call for the desegregation of the military, enraging Southerners particularly. background-color: #f9f9f9; The Republican convention, the first ever to be televised, nominated New York Gov. United States presidential election of 1948, American presidential election held on Nov. 2, 1948, in which Democratic Pres.

President Harry S. Truman Speaks with Reporters (1948-10-16) by Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum at the National Archives and Records AdministrationU.S. These speeches usually mentioned some local issue or politician, the "do-nothing" Congress, and an encouragement to go vote. Thomas E. Dewey (also the partys nominee in 1944) as its presidential candidate and California Gov. background-color: #f9f9f9; background-color: #f9d334; text-align: center; "William C. Berman, "Makes a persuasive case that the 1948 election was a watershed event in American political history and began the modern political era. National Archives. .widget-row.heading { . Click here to contact our editorial staff, and click here to report an error. "Educational Book Review, "Shows that the election had less to do with folklore than with conventional political maneuverings, appeals to the normal components of the Democratic coalition assembled by Franklin D. Roosevelt, bruising battles over the shape of the post-New Deal, postwar political economy, and rising Cold War tensions. Despite Truman's apparent success on the campaign trail, many newspaper and radio editorials and commentators felt that Republican Thomas Dewey was sure to win. Use this in-depth quiz to make every day Presidents Day by testing your knowledge of U.S. presidents and first ladies. He later said he never gave anyone hell, he just told the truth and they thought it was hell. Before serving as President, Truman was a United States Senator from Missouri. Also See: He grew up on the family farm in Independence, Missouri.